I believe it is important to provide students with an editing checklist to make the revision process less scary! For example,
Did you use at least three transition words in your supporting detail paragraphs?
Did you start your introduction with a hook?
Did you provide general background information in your introduction paragraph?
Is your thesis the last sentence of your first paragraph?
Does your thesis address what the following three paragraphs will cover?
Do all your supporting paragraphs 1-3 support your thesis?
Do you lead into your quote with background information from the source (ie novel)?
Do you explain the significance of your quotes?
Did you use proper punctuation and capitalization?
Are all words spelled correctly?
Do you have a conclusion sentence at the end of every paragraph?
Did you restate your thesis in your conclusion using different words?
Did you comment on the implications? of the or give your opinions in the conclusion paragraph?
This type of checklist provides a structured way for students to learn HOW to edit. Believe it or not, often students have never been taught how to revise their papers and what to exactly correct during the revision process.